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Greek augmentatives – Μεγενθυντικά

April 10, 2010

This post is the continuation of my previous one, where I explained how to produce diminutives from the original nouns.  In this post I will do the same for the augmentatives.

That 's why we need augmentatives. Don't you think?

The most common augmentative endings in Modern Greek language are :

βαρέλι > βαρέλα    f

-άρα φωνή  > φωνάρα    f

-αράς κοιλιά > κοιλαράς  m

-άρος σκύλος > σκύλαρος   ,   Γιώργος > Γιώργαρος   m

-ακλάς άντρας > άντρακλας m

Augmentatives represent as something bigger  what  the original word means (Giorgaros is big George and Giorgakis the little George).  Παίδαρος is the big boy ..the macho boy.  As you can notice there are no neutral augmentatives (they have to be masculine or feminine in Greek).

If you want to check out about augmentatives in general , and how they are used in many other languages , read this Wikipedia article. In one of my next posts I will explain how to produce nouns from verbs in Modern Greek.

[Photo via Wikimedia Commons , author Henri Bergius, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license]

2 Comments leave one →
  1. April 13, 2010 2:54 am

    Hi Glavko

    I love these two posts – I’ve always found Greek diminutives and augmentatives fascinating – I find the use of diminutives to create phonetically “new” names particularly interesting:

    Παρασκευή + ουλα = Παρασκευούλα –> Βούλα
    Κατερίνα + ουλα = Κατερινούλα –> Νούλα
    Βαγγέλιτσα –> Λίτσα
    Κώστας + άκι = Κωστάκι –> Τάκης


    Is there such a thing for augmentatives, too?

  2. April 13, 2010 7:56 am

    And from the derivative can also come an augmentative or diminutive, p.e.

    Δημητράκης > Τάκης > Τακούλης

    Βαγγελίτσα > Λίτσα > Λιτσάκι

    …and this will be an augmentative of the diminuted or vice versa …

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