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How to produce nouns from verbs

April 18, 2010

In linguistics noun is one of the many parts of the speech. Actually it is an open part of speech and it can be used both as subject or an object, but also in other cases. When in Modern Greek we have a noun produced from a verb , this noun usually signifies :

  • The person who acts

υφαίνω > υφαντής

ποτίζω > ποτιστής

ψέλνω > ψάλτης

or

  • The action itself or its result (in that case we have a multitude of  different terminations)  :

-μος : λυτρώνω > λυτρωμός

-ση (-ψη , -ξη) : απαντώ > απάντηση ,     φυλάω > φύλαξη ,  λάμπω > λάμψη

-σιμο (-ψιμο , -ξιμο) : δίνω > δώσιμο,      ψάχνω > ψάξιμο ,  σκάβω > σκάψιμο

-μα: φορτώνω > φόρτωμα ,        κεντώ > κέντημα

-ίδι : στολίζω > στολίδι  ,        σκουπίζω > σκουπίδι

-ούρα: σκοτίζω > σκοτούρα ,    ζαλίζω > ζαλούρα

And there are some other endings like  -α , -ι, -εια, -ιο, -ος, -ια or -ία.

  • The last  category of derivative nouns is the one which shows the instrument or the medium or the place of an action or energy:

-τήρας βράζω > βραστήρας  (boil > boiler ) ,  κινώ > κινητήρας ( move > engine)

-τήρι ξυπνώ > ξυπνητήρι ( wake > alarm clock )

-τήριο δικάζω > δικαστήριο ( judge > court ) ,  παρατηρώ > παρατηρητήριο ( observe > observatory)



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