Noun declension – First approach
In Modern Greek , as you may already noticed, we use three genders in the speech, like in German and Russian language. But whatever the gender of the noun is , we divide all the nouns in Modern Greek in 2 categories.
These nouns have the same number of syllables in both grammatical numbers and its inflections, p.e. :
μήνας , μήνα, μήνες , μηνών
μύτη, μύτη, μύτες, μυτών
λύπη, λύπη, λύπες , λυπών
In this category the number of syllables may change , mostly from singular to plural, or in different inflections of the singular number p.e.:
χρήμα , χρήματος , χρήματα , χρημάτων
σώμα , σώματος , σώματα , σωμάτων
Note that the masculine and feminine nouns of this category have on the plural number always one more syllable , p.e.:
ψωμάς (singular ) , ψωμάδες, ψωμάδων (plural)
On the other hand the respective neuter nouns of this category take in one more syllable in the genitive of the singular and on the plural, p.e.:
πτώμα , πτώματος (genitive singular), τα πτώματα , των πτωμάτων (plural)
The distinction above is crucial if someone wants to learn how to inflect Greek nouns correctly.
There are only four cases in Modern Greek (nominative, genitive , accusative and vocative), which is quite simpler than the Ancient Greek, or the modern Russian or German where encounters also dative or instrumental case.
I may need to explain how it works to dedicate my next posts. Hope I will not need more than 3 posts (one for each gender of nouns) to give you the whole picture. Probably I will need to post much more than three, so I should increase the frequency of my posts. I ‘ll try to do my best.